Miandoaab located in the south west of Lake Orumieh in a fertile plains. Its capital city being Miandoab, placed at 823 km. from Tehran and to the south of the province, midst the plains. Climatically it has a moderate and somewhat humid weather. The city being engulfed by two waters such as Zarineh Rood and Simineh Rood Rivers, hence the name Miandoab (means between two rivers). In this territory, various tribes have ruled.
Miandoab enjoys very fertile soil and excellent Mediterranean climate. Due to the establishment of a sugar factory in the early 20th century, there has been large industrial activity compared to nearby towns.
Miandoab is an agricultural and rather industrial town, has the second rank of agriculture and livestock in the province after Urmia -as the capital-, and has the third rank of industry in the province after Urmia and Khoy. Promisingly, Miandoab has attracted lots of economical interests owing to its position among three provinces. Consequently, it has become one of the main resources of economy at South of the province.